Check-Ubuntu-Version

How to check Ubuntu version – 7 Easy Ways

In today’s tutorial, I will show “How to check Ubuntu version – 7 Easy Ways“. If you use Ubuntu or any Linux operating system and you find yourself in trouble, the first thing you need is, it’s version details. I have explained all the possible ways to check the Ubuntu version. Also if you follow this tutorial, you can check the version of any Linux distro, I can bet on this.

Why you may need to check Ubuntu Version

  • If you are having issues with your Ubuntu distro and you need to troubleshoot
  • You are planning to upgrade your distro to a newer version
  • You are trying to install a new package or planning to upgrade any existing package
  • Writing tutorials or posts, where you need to mention things related to Distro
  • If you are helping or replying to others about issues on Ubuntu or Linux distro in forums, groups or social media

There are three major modes Terminal, GUI and Bash Script to check the Ubuntu version. I have covered all 7 options inside these modes to get details about the version of any Linux or Ubuntu distro.

Terminal Mode

Option1 – Version check using lsb_release command

I will start with, how to check the Ubuntu version command line as it has more options listed to check Ubuntu version. Let’s start from lsb_release command –

The lsb_release command provides the distribution-specific information. By default the -v option is assumed if no option has given in the command.

Option -a means all information will be printed

$ lsb_release -a

Example
dev@Ubuntu:~$ lsb_release -a   
No LSB modules are available.
Distributor ID: Ubuntu
Description: Ubuntu 18.04.4 LTS
Release: 18.04
Codename: bionic

if you don’t like this LSB modules error in output like me, Install these modules with the command

dev@Ubuntu:~$ sudo apt-get install lsb-core


Output after installing LSB modules

dev@Ubuntu:~$ lsb_release -a
LSB Version:	core-9.20170808ubuntu1-noarch:security-9.20170808ubuntu1-noarch
Distributor ID:	Ubuntu
Description:	Ubuntu 18.04.4 LTS
Release:	18.04
Codename:	bionic

If you need only Ubuntu details and not interested in complete output, the -d option is best for you. It will give you the description field only and that’s enough to understand the Ubuntu version. I would like to highlight one more thing, this lsb_release command can be run on any Linux distro and it won’t despair you to get the relevant output.

dev@Ubuntu:~$ lsb_release -d
Description: Ubuntu 18.04.4 LTS

let’s understand the output, Ubuntu is Distro name, 18.04 is the base image, another .4 confirms that it’s the fourth release (like SP4 in windows) and LTS shows distro is in (long term support)

If you want to check only the codename of your distro then the -c option displays it.

dev@Ubuntu:~$ lsb_release -c
Codename: bionic

Option2 – Check version using ‘cat /etc/issue’ command

This simple command is my favourite and it’s also evergreen command which can run on most distros to get the required version output. you just need to run cat or more to /etc/issue. Ignore \n \l in output,  Ubuntu 18.04.4 is the Version.

dev@Ubuntu:~$ cat /etc/issue   
Ubuntu 18.04.4 LTS \n \l

Option3 – To check Ubuntu version using “os-release” file

If you are a fan of “Cat” command, I have brought one more command to my list to check Ubuntu version. I have seen many Linux distros have the os-release file and you just need to run “Cat“, “more” or “less” to peek inside.

dev@Ubuntu:~$ cat /etc/os-release 
NAME="Ubuntu"
VERSION="18.04.4 LTS (Bionic Beaver)"
ID=ubuntu
ID_LIKE=debian
PRETTY_NAME="Ubuntu 18.04.4 LTS"
VERSION_ID="18.04"
HOME_URL="https://www.ubuntu.com/"
SUPPORT_URL="https://help.ubuntu.com/"
BUG_REPORT_URL="https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/"
PRIVACY_POLICY_URL="https://www.ubuntu.com/legal/terms-and-policies/privacy-policy"
VERSION_CODENAME=bionic
UBUNTU_CODENAME=bionic
dev@Ubuntu:~$ 

Option4 –  Check version using hostnamectl command

if you have ever worked on any operating system then you must be knowing the hostname. it’s basically the name (like we all have) of the system, you can customize or set it as per your preference.

hostnamectl – Control the system hostname. it is used to query and change the system hostname and related settings

dev@Ubuntu:~$ hostnamectl
   Static hostname: Ubuntu
         Icon name: computer-laptop
           Chassis: laptop
        Machine ID: b753db6f06a2401c816891d9c078caea
           Boot ID: 4af3ceac57214654aa7f0e0c41bc82d2
  Operating System: Ubuntu 18.04.4 LTS
            Kernel: Linux 5.3.0-53-generic
      Architecture: x86-64
dev@Ubuntu:~$ 

Text highlighted in output shows Ubuntu version.

How To check the kernel version

If you are in the middle of any issue and trying to get help from the Ubuntu community or forum, they may ask the kernel version also, if the issue related to it. So I can’t leave you without informing you “How to check kernel version of Ubuntu” or any Linux Distro.

Type this simple uname command with -r or -mrs option, to check the Ubuntu kernel version. In output 5.3.0.53 is the kernel version.

dev@Ubuntu:~$ uname -r 
 5.3.0-53-generic
dev@Ubuntu:~$ uname -mrs
 Linux 5.3.0-53-generic x86_64

GUI (Graphical user interface) mode

Option5 – Check Ubuntu version using GUI mode

If GUI attracts you and while reading, you are searching for a GUI option, I won’t let you wait much. If you are not willing to run any command on the terminal and want to check Ubuntu version using GUI, You just need to visit the About page.

Step1 –

Open search console and type About

check-version-about-gui

Step2 –

Click on About showing in “settings“, Ubuntu’s “About” details window will open, Just check the text under the beautiful Ubuntu icon and you will find it. You can also have a look at the hardware of your system.

How-to-check-ubuntu-version-gnome

 

Bash Script mode


Option6 – How to check Ubuntu version using Bash scripts

I have been a fan of scripts especially Bash and my tutorial will not be complete without showing bash scripts output to get Ubuntu version.

There are two very famous bash scripts available in the Ubuntu repository. Neofetch and Screenfetch.

Check Ubuntu version using Neofetch bash script

Install Neofetch first using the apt install command as it’s not there by default in the installation of Ubuntu Linux.

Neofetch provides CLI system information, Tool is written in Bash script. Neofetch displays information about your system hardware, Desktop and software packages. Install neofetch using apt install or apt-get install from the Ubuntu repository.

dev@Ubuntu:~$ sudo apt install neofetch 

once Neofetch is installed, run the Neofetch command in Terminal and see the magic.

dev@Ubuntu:~$ neofetch

Neofetch-Ubuntu-version-check

If you will see Neofetch output, This bash script doesn’t show only the Ubuntu version, it also gives output related to your hardware, kernel version, Uptime of your PC, number of packages installed, Shell, Desktop information (GNOME) and many more.
One of the soul pleasing, very informative output with the amazing Ubuntu logo. Now let’s see one more example of a Bash script, Screenfetch

Check Ubuntu version using Screenfetch script

Same as Neofetch, Screenfetch also needs to install first with its dependent library and modules. Command to install Screenfetch and dependency packages using apt install is as follows

dev@Ubuntu:~$ sudo apt install screenfetch

Once screenfetch installation is successful, run the screenfetch command on the terminal to check the ubuntu version.


dev@Ubuntu:~$ screenfetch

screenfetch output

The output of Screenfetch and Neofetch is approximately the same, except for Logo presentation and some minor output differences like font, theme, resolution and OS output. But we really don’t care about these differences until both these bash scripts providing us Ubuntu version or our Distro version.

option7 – How to check Ubuntu version using “Cat /proc/version” command

Now I have left with the last but not the least “cat /proc/version” command. You can also check out the version file on the terminal with other commands like more, less etc. I have kept this option for last, as I was willing to wrap up my tutorial with the command which really has the version keyword in it.  As this whole tutorial is all about version check 😉

dev@Ubuntu:~$ cat /proc/version
Linux version 5.3.0-53-generic (buildd@lgw01-amd64-016)
(gcc version 7.5.0 (Ubuntu 7.5.0-3ubuntu1~18.04)) #47~18.04.1-Ubuntu SMP Thu May 7 13:10:50 UTC 2020

Don’t get confused with this non-userfriendly output, just keep your focus on green highlighted text.

Video  Tutorial

How to check Ubuntu version – 7 Easy Ways

Further help

man lsb_release

man hostnamectl

Final Note

I have tried to explain all options that I know on “How to check Ubuntu version” in this tutorial, if you know any other option to check the version, you can comment and share your command or steps.

Time to sign-off will see you soon in the next post.

Till that time Be safe and healthy 💡